Patient-related determinants of glycaemic control in people with type 2 diabetes in the gulf cooperation council countries: A systematic review

Mohammed J. Alramadan, Afsana Afroz, Sultana Monira Hussain, Mohammed Ali Batais, Turky H. Almigbal, Hussan Ahmad Al-Humrani, Ahmed Albaloshi, Lorena Romero, Dianna J. Magliano, Baki Billah

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The aim of this systematic review is to assess patient-related factors affecting glycaemic control among people with type 2 diabetes in the Arabian Gulf Council countries. MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Cochrane CENTRAL databases were searched from their date of inception to May 2016. Two researchers independently identified eligible studies and assessed the risk of bias. A total of 13 studies met the inclusion criteria. One study was population based, six recruited participants from multiple centres, and the remaining were single centred. The majority of the studies were of low to moderate quality. Factors associated with poor glycaemic control include longer duration of diabetes, low level of education, poor compliance to diet and medication, poor attitude towards the disease, poor self-management behaviour, anxiety, depression, renal impairment, hypertension, and dyslipidaemia. Healthcare providers should be aware of these factors and provide appropriate education and care especially for those who have poor glycaemic control. Innovative educational programs should be implemented in the healthcare systems to improve patient compliance and practices. A variation in the results of the included studies was observed, and some potentially important risk factors such as dietary habits, physical activity, family support, and cognitive function were not adequately addressed. Further research is needed in this area.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9389265
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Diabetes Research
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

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