Pathway for the formation of D-3 phosphate containing inositol phospholipids in intact human platelets

T. W. Cunningham, D. L. Lips, V. S. Bansal, K. K. Caldwell, C. A. Mitchell, P. W. Majerus

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Abstract

We have identified the structure of phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PtdIns(3)P), phosphatidylinositol 3,4-bisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4)P 2) and phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P 3) in human platelets. These lipids accounted for less than 2% of the total 32P incorporated into inositol phospholipids in the platelets. All three lipids were labeled in unstimulated platelets, but incorporation of 32P changed rapidly by 15 s after thrombin stimulation, suggesting that they are important in platelet activation. Specific inositol polyphosphate phosphatases were used to both identify the lipid structures and to determine the route of synthesis of these lipids. During 32P labeling and after thrombin stimulation of human platelets, as much as 60% of the total radioactivity present in PtdIns(3,4)P 2 was found in the D-4 phosphate and only 35% in the D-3 phosphate indicating that PtdIns(3)P is the precursor of PtdIns(3,4)P 2. In addition, the D-5 and D-4 phosphates of PtdIns(3,4,5)P 3 each contained 35-40% of the total radioactivity in the molecule compared with only 18-28% in the D-3 position, suggesting that PtdIns(3,4)P 2 and not PtdIns(4,5)P 2 is the major precursor of this lipid. These results define the predominant pathway for synthesis of these lipids in platelets as PtdIns → PtdIns(3)P → PtdIns(3,4)P 2 → PtdIns(3,4,5)P 3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21676-21683
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume265
Issue number35
Publication statusPublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

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