Partnered pharmacist medication charting (PPMC) in regional and rural general medical patients

Erica Y. Tong, Phuong U. Hua, Gail Edwards, Eleanor Van Dyk, Gary Yip, Biswadev Mitra, Michael J. Dooley, PPMC Rural Regional Research Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Objective: Errors in hospital medication charts are commonly encountered and have been associated with morbidity and mortality. This study evaluates the impact of the Partnered Pharmacist Medication Charting (PPMC) model on medication errors in general medical patients admitted to rural and regional hospitals. Design/Method: A prospective cohort study, comparing before and after the introduction of PPMC was conducted in 13 rural and regional health services. This included a 1-month pre-intervention phase and 3-month intervention phase. In the intervention phase, PPMC was implemented as a new model of care in general medical units. Setting: Victoria, Australia. Participants: Patients admitted to General Medical Units. Outcome Measure: The proportion of medication charts with at least one error was the primary outcome measure. Secondary outcome measures included inpatient length of stay (LOS), risk stratification of medication errors, Medical Emergency Team (MET) calls, transfers to ICU and hospital readmission. Results: Of the 669 patients who received standard medical charting during the pre-intervention period, 446 (66.7%) had at least one medication error identified compared to 64 patients (9.5%) using PPMC model (p < 0.001). There were 1361 medication charting errors identified during pre-intervention and 80 in the post-intervention. The median (interquartile range) inpatient length of stay was 4.8 (2.7–10.8) in the pre-intervention and 3.7 days (2.0–7.0) among patients that received PPMC (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The PPMC model was successfully scaled across rural and regional Victoria as a medication safety strategy. The model was associated with significantly lower rates of medication errors, lower severity of errors and shorter inpatient length of stay.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)593-600
Number of pages8
JournalAustralian Journal of Rural Health
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022


  • emergency medicine
  • general medicine
  • inpatient
  • medication error
  • medication safety
  • pharmacist
  • pharmacy
  • prescribing

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