Parents play an influential role in children s emotional development. Numerous quantitative studies have examined the correlations between a single dimension of parents emotion socialisation practices (e.g. parental emotion expression or attitudes) and children s emotional development. However, little attention has been paid to a holistic view of parents role in children s emotional development. Drawing upon a cultural-historical theory, this study takes a holistic perspective for examining how parents create the conditions for children s emotional development in everyday family life. Data (n = 61 hours of video observation and interviewing) collected from four families of preschool children in Australia suggest that parents perezhivanie supports the development of children s emotion regulation. It is argued that perezhivanie must be conceptualised as a collective unity of affect, intellect, and act that reflects both the subject and the environment in researching children s emotional development. Practical suggestions for supporting the pedagogical practices of families and for framing professional training programmes are also provided.