Pan-Islamism in Afghanistan in the early twentieth century: From political discourse to government policy, 1906-22

Faridullah Bezhan

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    2 Citations (Scopus)


    The idea of pan-Islamism in Afghanistan emerged after the foundation of the Constitutional Party in the early 1900s. The party was an underground organization which had cells in an educational institution, the royal court and among the foreign group (Indians) employed in government departments. Pan-Islamism served to unite various political forces toward certain political and cultural goals. After the accession of Amanullah to the throne in 1919, pan-Islamism became a state policy. It served as the key to the government s foreign policy, especially towards the two imperial powers in the region, Britain and Russia. Amanullah used it as a means to fulfil his political expansionist ambitions. This article examines what pan-Islamism meant to the Constitutional Party and to King Amanullah, the reasons behind their approaches, and the political context that made pan-Islamism the most appealing ideological and political strategy for them. The article also explores the means the party and Amanullah used to propagate pan-Islamism. (c) 2014 University of Birmingham.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)193 - 210
    Number of pages18
    JournalIslam and Christian-Muslim Relations
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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