Paediatric nurses’ perceptions and practices of family-centred care in Saudi hospitals: A mixed methods study

Hawa Alabdulaziz, Cheryle Moss, Beverley Copnell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


Background Family-centred care is widely accepted as the underlying philosophy of paediatric nursing. Studies of family-centred care have mainly been conducted in western countries and little is known of its practice in other contexts. No studies have been undertaken in the Middle East. Aim To explore family-centred care in the Saudi context from the perspectives of paediatric nurses. Design A mixed methodology was utilised with an explanatory sequential design. In the quantitative phase a convenience sample of 234 nurses from six hospitals in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia completed the Family Centred Care Questionnaire. The qualitative phase took place in one hospital and involved 140 h of non-participant observation of paediatric nurses’ practice. A convenience sample of 14 nurses was involved. Additionally, 10 face-to-face semi-structured interviews were conducted with key staff members. A purposeful sample of 10 nurses was involved. The findings from both phases were integrated in the final analysis. Results The survey results indicated that participants identified most elements of family-centred care as necessary for its practice. They were less likely to incorporate them into their practice (p < 0.001, paired t-tests, all subscales). These findings were supported by the observation data, which revealed that, while several elements of family-centred care were frequently practised, others were implemented either inconsistently or not at all. Findings from the interview data indicated that participants had limited and superficial understanding of what family-centred care means as a model of care; rather, they worked with the elements as a set of core tasks. In the current study, there were similarities between what has been found in the Saudi context and findings from other studies using the same tool in western contexts. There is general agreement regarding the differences between theory and practice. Nurses do believe and acknowledge the importance of family-centred care; however, they struggle with practising this model in their everyday work. In the current study, many factors contributed to this issue, including language barriers, communication issues, cultural issues and hospital policies. Conclusion Western concepts of family-centred care appear to be accepted by paediatric nurses in Saudi Arabia. However, full adoption of family-centred care in keeping with western values is likely not to be appropriate or successful in the Saudi context where both nurses and families have a non-western culture. The western model of family-centred care requires cultural modification and further development to fit Saudi and Middle Eastern cultures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-77
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Nursing Studies
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017


  • Family-centred care
  • Family-Centred Care Questionnaire
  • Mixed methods
  • Paediatric nursing
  • Saudi Arabia

Cite this