Paediatric lung recruitment: a review of the clinical evidence

Jacqueline Jauncey-Cooke, Christine East, Fiona Bogossian

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Lung recruitment is used as an adjunct to lung protective ventilation strategies. Lung recruitment is a brief, deliberate elevation of transpulmonary pressures beyond what is achieved during tidal ventilation levels. The aim of lung recruitment is to maximise the number of alveoli participating in gas exchange particularly in distal and dependant regions of the lung. This may improve oxygenation and end expiratory levels. Restoration of end expiratory levels and stabilisation of the alveoli may reduce the incidence of ventilator induced lung injury (VILI). Various methods of lung recruitment have been studied in adult and experimental populations. This review aims to establish the evidence for lung recruitment in the pediatric population.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127 - 132
Number of pages6
JournalPaediatric Respiratory Reviews
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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