P-glycoprotein Does Not Protect Cells against Cytolysis Induced by Pore-forming Proteins

Ricky W. Johnstone, Kellie M. Tainton, Astrid A. Ruefli, Christopher J. Froelich, Loretta Cerruti, Stephen M. Jane, Mark J. Smyth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is an ATP-dependent drug pump that confers multidrug resistance (MDR). In addition to its ability to efflux toxins, P-gp can also inhibit apoptosis induced by a wide array of cell death stimuli that rely on activation of intracellular caspases for full function. We therefore hypothesized that P-gp may have additional functions in addition to its role in effluxing xenotoxins that could provide protection to tumor cells against a host response. There have been a number of contradictory reports concerning the role of P-gp in regulating complement activation. Given the disparate results obtained by different laboratories and our published results demonstrating that P-gp does not affect cell death induced by another membranolytic protein, perforin, we decided to assess the role of P-gp in regulating cell lysis induced by a number of different pore-forming proteins. Testing a variety of different P-gp-expressing MDR cell lines produced following exposure of cells to chemotherapeutic agents or by retroviral gene transduction in the complete absence of any drug selection, we found no difference in sensitivity of P-gp+ve or P-gp-ve cells to the pore-forming proteins complement, perforin, or pneumolysin. Based on these results, we conclude that P-gp does not affect cell lysis induced by pore-forming proteins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16667-16673
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume276
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 May 2001
Externally publishedYes

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