Oxygen uptake, selectivity and reversibility of Tb–CeO2 mixed oxides for air separation

Anita D'Angelo, Alan Chaffee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

A series of Tb–CeO2 mixed oxides were investigated as novel oxygen sorbents. The relationship between %Tb content-oxygen uptake, alongside the selectivity and reversibility of these materials, was determined via chemisorption (400, 500 and 600 °C) and supporting thermogravimetric studies at 500 and 600 °C. Oxygen chemisorption experiments conducted at 600 °C showed higher uptakes were achieved by incorporating more Tb into the CeO2 crystal lattice. The uptake of 40 mol% Tb–CeO2 was 121 μmol g−1 and for 10 mol% Tb–CeO2 the uptake was 34 μmol g−1. Increasing the analysis temperature for each material resulted in an increase in uptake as more oxygen was able to be removed. All materials exhibited good reversibility and cyclic stability during alternating N2 and air atmospheres at 600 °C. High O2/N2 selectivity was also demonstrated as no detectible uptake was observed at 600 °C using N2 as the adsorbate. The data suggests that these materials may have applications in air trace gas removal or as membranes for air separation applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)465-475
Number of pages11
JournalAdsorption
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Air separation
  • CeO2
  • Cerium oxide
  • Chemisorption
  • Oxygen
  • Sorbent
  • TGA

Cite this

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title = "Oxygen uptake, selectivity and reversibility of Tb–CeO2 mixed oxides for air separation",
abstract = "A series of Tb–CeO2 mixed oxides were investigated as novel oxygen sorbents. The relationship between {\%}Tb content-oxygen uptake, alongside the selectivity and reversibility of these materials, was determined via chemisorption (400, 500 and 600 °C) and supporting thermogravimetric studies at 500 and 600 °C. Oxygen chemisorption experiments conducted at 600 °C showed higher uptakes were achieved by incorporating more Tb into the CeO2 crystal lattice. The uptake of 40 mol{\%} Tb–CeO2 was 121 μmol g−1 and for 10 mol{\%} Tb–CeO2 the uptake was 34 μmol g−1. Increasing the analysis temperature for each material resulted in an increase in uptake as more oxygen was able to be removed. All materials exhibited good reversibility and cyclic stability during alternating N2 and air atmospheres at 600 °C. High O2/N2 selectivity was also demonstrated as no detectible uptake was observed at 600 °C using N2 as the adsorbate. The data suggests that these materials may have applications in air trace gas removal or as membranes for air separation applications.",
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Oxygen uptake, selectivity and reversibility of Tb–CeO2 mixed oxides for air separation. / D'Angelo, Anita; Chaffee, Alan.

In: Adsorption, Vol. 23, No. 4, 19.01.2017, p. 465-475.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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