Oxygen uptake of Tb-CeO2

analysis of Ce3+ and oxygen vacancies

Anita D'Angelo, Amelia Liu, Alan Chaffee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

In response to concerns about the world's generation of greenhouse gases, there are incentives to develop lower energy alternatives to cryogenic air separation. Oxygen sorbents are one such alternative in which high oxygen uptakes are achieved through engineering materials with a high number of oxygen vacancy defects. For a series of Tb-CeO2 mixed oxides, the oxygen uptake was determined using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) was used to investigate the relative oxygen vacancy concentration and complement those findings obtained using TGA. Gas switching experiments conducted at 700 °C show that a higher oxygen uptake was obtained when 30% Tb was incorporated into the lattice (76 μmol·g-1) in comparison to when 10% Tb was introduced (21 μmol·g-1). The O IB/IC ratio, indicative of oxygen vacancies, was found to increase with increasing Tb content, and Raman spectroscopy demonstrated that these defects were introduced with the addition of Tb. The increase in oxygen uptake with increasing Tb was attributed to the introduction of Tb generating vacancies and increasing the materials reduction ability. It was also observed that for a standard CeO2 sample the Ce IM5/IM4 and O IB/IC ratios varied depending on whether spectra were obtained from a collection of smaller crystallites or a single crystallite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14382-14389
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume120
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jul 2016

Cite this

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title = "Oxygen uptake of Tb-CeO2: analysis of Ce3+ and oxygen vacancies",
abstract = "In response to concerns about the world's generation of greenhouse gases, there are incentives to develop lower energy alternatives to cryogenic air separation. Oxygen sorbents are one such alternative in which high oxygen uptakes are achieved through engineering materials with a high number of oxygen vacancy defects. For a series of Tb-CeO2 mixed oxides, the oxygen uptake was determined using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) was used to investigate the relative oxygen vacancy concentration and complement those findings obtained using TGA. Gas switching experiments conducted at 700 °C show that a higher oxygen uptake was obtained when 30{\%} Tb was incorporated into the lattice (76 μmol·g-1) in comparison to when 10{\%} Tb was introduced (21 μmol·g-1). The O IB/IC ratio, indicative of oxygen vacancies, was found to increase with increasing Tb content, and Raman spectroscopy demonstrated that these defects were introduced with the addition of Tb. The increase in oxygen uptake with increasing Tb was attributed to the introduction of Tb generating vacancies and increasing the materials reduction ability. It was also observed that for a standard CeO2 sample the Ce IM5/IM4 and O IB/IC ratios varied depending on whether spectra were obtained from a collection of smaller crystallites or a single crystallite.",
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Oxygen uptake of Tb-CeO2 : analysis of Ce3+ and oxygen vacancies. / D'Angelo, Anita; Liu, Amelia; Chaffee, Alan.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 120, No. 26, 07.07.2016, p. 14382-14389.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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