Oxidative stress, antioxidant status and lipid profile in ischemic heart disease patients from western region of Nepal.

B. R. Maharjan, J. C. Jha, D. Adhikari, Akila, S. Risal, V. M. Alurkar, P. P. Singh

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Disturbed lipid profile is one of the most important and potent risk factors in ischemic heart disease (IHD). In recent years, it has been demonstrated that raised oxidative stress promotes several undesirable pathways including the formation of oxidised LDL (O-LDL) and oxidized cholesterol which encourages cholesterol accumulation in arterial tissues. We, therefore, aimed to ascertain the redox balance by measuring oxidative stress (OS) and total antioxidant activity (TAA) along with lipid profile to determine their possible association with IHD. Our study group comprised of 28 confirmed cases of IHD. The inclusion criterion was history of chest pain, ischemic changes in the ECG and good left ventricular (LV) function. Patients with diabetes mellitus, poor LV function, previous infarct and valvular heart disease were excluded. Lipid profile, plasma thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), plasma total antioxidant activity (TAA) and urinary TBARS were estimated in these patients by standard procedures and the values were compared with 30 age, sex and socioeconomically matched normal healthy control subjects. Body mass index (BMI) and waist/hip ratio (W/H ratio) was also noted in both the groups. Lipid profile and OS (TBARS levels) were significantly raised in IHD patients. Though statistically not significant but TAA tended to be lower and urinary TBARS levels tended to be higher in patients. BMI, W/H ratio, smoking and alcohol did not show discernible association with lipid profile, OS or TAA. OS is significantly raised in majority of IHD patients. The non association of BMI, W/H ratio, smoking and alcohol with lipid profile, OS and TAA suggest that there are other risk factors which primarily contribute to the initiation and progression of IHD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-24
Number of pages5
JournalNepal Medical College Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2008
Externally publishedYes

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