Regions with different microstructures have been identified in the weldments of 9Cr-1 Mo steel. Weldments comprising threthree regions, i.e., weld metal, heat-affected zone (HAZ), and base metal, were oxidized in air at 923 K for different durations up to 500 hr. The crown area of the weld metal was found to form a thicker oxide scale than the other regions of the weldment. When the oxidation kinetics of different regions were compared (by separating out the coupons of the HAZ and the crown and root portions of the weld metal and then oxidizing them), the crown area of the weld was found to oxidize at a much higher rate than the others. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was carried out to assess the morphological variations in the different regions of the weldment. The compositional variations in the scales over the different regions have been characterized by the energy-dispersive analyses of X-rays (EDX), and the results thereof have also been corroborated by secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS).
- delta ferrite
- heat-affected zone (HAZ)
- secondary ion mass spectrometry
- surface profilometry
- weld metal