Outcomes of non-cystic fibrosis-related bronchiectasis post-lung transplantation

Jessica L. Kennedy, Anne Walker, Claire M. Ellender, Kate Steinfort, Catherine Martin, Catherine Smith, Gregory Snell, Helen Whitford

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Background: Lung transplantation is a recognised treatment for end-stage lung disease due to bronchiectasis. Non-cystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis and CF are often combined into one cohort; however, outcomes for non-CF bronchiectasis patients vary between centres, and in comparison with those for CF. Aims: To compare lung transplantation mortality and morbidity of bronchiectasis (non-CF) patients with those with CF and other indications. Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients undergoing lung transplantation between 1 January 2008 and 31 December 2013. Time to and cause of lung allograft loss was censored on 1 April 2018. A case-note review was conducted on a subgroup of 78 patients, to analyse hospital admissions as a marker of morbidity. Results: A total of 341 patients underwent lung transplantation; 22 (6%) had bronchiectasis compared with 69 (20%) with CF. The 5-year survival for the bronchiectasis group was 32%, compared with CF (69%), obstructive lung disease (OLD) (64%), pulmonary hypertension (62%) and ILD (55%) (P = 0.008). Lung allograft loss due to chronic lung allograft dysfunction with predominant infection was significantly higher in the bronchiectasis group at 2 years. The rate of acute admissions was 2.24 higher in the bronchiectasis group when compared with OLD (P = 0.01). Patients with bronchiectasis spent 45.81 days in hospital per person year after transplantation compared with 18.21 days for CF. Conclusions: Bronchiectasis patients in the present study had a lower 5-year survival and poorer outcomes in comparison with other indications including CF. Bronchiectasis should be considered a separate entity to CF in survival analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)995-1001
Number of pages7
JournalInternal Medicine Journal
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022


  • bronchiectasis
  • lung transplantation
  • morbidity
  • respiratory tract disease

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