Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest attended by ambulance services in Ireland: First 2 years' results from a nationwide registry

Siobhán Masterson, John Cullinan, Bryan McNally, Conor Deasy, Andrew Murphy, Peter Wright, Martin O'Reilly, Akke Vellinga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: National data collection provides information on out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) incidence, management and outcomes that may not be generalisable from smaller studies. This retrospective cohort study describes the first 2 years' results from the Irish National Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Register (OHCAR). Methods: Data on OHCAs attended by emergency medical services (EMS) where resuscitation was attempted (EMS-treated) were collected from ambulance services and entered onto OHCAR. Descriptive analysis of the study population was performed, and regression analysis was performed on the subgroup of adult patients with a bystander-witnessed event of presumed cardiac aetiology and an initial shockable rhythm (Utstein group). Results: 3701 EMS-treated OHCAs were recorded for the study period (1 January 2012-31 December 2013). Incidence was 39/100 000 population/year. In the Utstein group (n=577), compared with the overall group, there was a higher proportion of male patients, public event location, bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and early defibrillation. Median EMS call-response interval was similar in both groups. A higher proportion of patients in the Utstein group achieved return of spontaneous circulation (35% vs 17%) and survival to hospital discharge (22% vs 6%). After multivariate adjustment for the Utstein group, the following variables were found to be independent predictors of the outcome survival to hospital discharge: public event location (OR 3.1 (95% CI 1.9 to 5.0)); bystander CPR (2.4 (95% CI 1.2 to 4.9)); EMS response of 8 min or less (2.2 (95% CI 1.3 to 3.6)). Conclusions: This study highlights the role of nationwide registries in quantifying, monitoring and benchmarking OHCA incidence and outcome, providing baseline data upon which service improvement effects can be measured.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)776-781
Number of pages6
JournalEmergency Medicine Journal
Volume33
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cardiac arrest
  • prehospital care
  • resuscitation

Cite this