Relaxin-3 is a neuropeptide that has roles in stress, memory and appetite regulation. The peptide acts on its cognate receptor RXFP3 to induce coupling to inhibitory G proteins to inhibit adenylyl cyclase and activate MAP-kinases such as ERK1/2, p38MAPK and JNK. Other relaxin family peptides can activate the receptor to produce alternative patterns of signalling and there is an allosteric modulator 135PAM1 that displays probe-selectivity. There are now a variety of selective peptide agonists and antagonists that will assist in the determination of the physiological roles of the relaxin-RXFP3 system and its potential as a drug target.
- Allosteric modulator
- Biased signalling