Origin of excess core loss in amorphous and nanocrystalline soft magnetic materials

H. Huang, H. Tsukahara, A. Kato, K. Ono, K. Suzuki

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Core losses of amorphous and nanocrystalline soft magnetic ribbons with a range of saturation magnetostriction constants (λs) from near zero to +38×10-6 have been investigated experimentally with complementary micromagnetic simulations in order to clarify the effect of magnetostriction on the excess loss, i.e., the core loss component unaccounted for by the hysteresis and classical eddy-current losses. The excess loss at 400 Hz and a peak polarization of 1.0 T (Pev) has been found to increase linearly with λs, and Pev varies considerably between 0.27kW/m3 for near zero-magnetostrictive nc-Fe85Nb6B9 and 11.0kW/m3 for amorphous Fe80Si11B9 with λs=+38×10-6. By substituting the domain wall damping coefficient (βdw) for the eddy current one in Bertotti's statistical model of core losses, the excess loss is predicted to be proportional to βdw, indicating that the observed linear increase of Pev is caused by mechanisms where βdw increases with λs2. Such a quadratic relationship is confirmed by modeling a free wall damping process with lattice anelasticity, suggesting that the anelastic lattice relaxation mediated by magnetostriction could be a potential mechanism. However, the absolute value of βdw remains open because of the uncertainty of the viscosity, and further investigation is needed to validate the mechanism of the excess loss induced by magnetostriction. Our results show that magnetostriction plays a significant role in determining the excess loss in the exchange-softened magnetic materials, and lowering the saturation magnetostriction is crucial for reducing the wall damping effect and the core loss at high frequencies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104408
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 8 Mar 2024

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