Organizational politics continues to be acknowledged as a real and important dimension of organizational functioning. Most research has focused on perceptions of organizational politics where organizational politics is conceptualized negatively and its relationship with detrimental individual and organizational outcomes is demonstrated.We argue that organizational politics can be conceptualized as amulti-dimensional climate level construct and that organizational political climate can be both functional and dysfunctional. We propose and explain a four dimensional model of organizational political climate informed by existing theoretical perspectives on power bases. The four key dimensions are represented by the building and use of personal power, positional power, connection power and informational power. We also highlight the need for a comprehensive measure of organizational political climate which is underpinned by the four dimensions and which enables an assessment of the extent to which the organizational political climate is functional and/or dysfunctional. In summary,we recommend that HR practitioners seek to understand the functional and dysfunctional dimensions of organizational political climate and implement practices to foster a positive political climate. We overview practical implications for HR managers and suggest a future research agenda.