Organizational culture: effect on psychological safety mediated by trust across 18 societies

Ratan Dheer, Jane Tong, Len Treviño, David A. Ralston, Brian Tjemkes, Luis Sigala Paparella, Marian Crowley-Henry, Calvin George Burns, Fabian Jintae Froese, Gabrielle Poeschl, Oswaldo Morales, Erna Szabo, Pingping Fu, Narasimhan Srinivasan, Mario Molteni, Arif Nazir Butt, Olivier Furrer, Fidel León-Darder, Maria Kangasniemi-Ha, Ajantha DharmasiriRuth Alas

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review


We assess the direct effect of organizational culture and the mediating effect of trust-in-top-management on employees’ psychological safety perceptions using 2,451 observations from 18 global societies. Our hierarchical linear modeling analyses suggest that clan and adhocracy cultures levy a significantly stronger effect on psychological safety than market and hierarchy cultures, and trust-in-top-management mediates this effect. Further, we examine how macro-environment factors, namely individualism, and governance quality, condition the impact of trust-in-top-management on psychological safety. We found a significant cross-level moderating effect of individualism and governance quality on psychological safety. Our fine-grained analysis of individualism indicates that its effect stems mainly from the achievement values sub-dimension of individualism but not from its power and innovation values sub-dimension. These findings contribute significantly to the psychological safety and international management research domains. We discuss implications and advance directions for future research
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2023
EventAnnual Meeting of the Academy of Management 2023: Putting the Worker Front and Center - Boston, United States of America
Duration: 4 Aug 20238 Aug 2023
Conference number: 83rd


ConferenceAnnual Meeting of the Academy of Management 2023
Abbreviated titleAoM 2023
Country/TerritoryUnited States of America
Internet address


  • Pshchological safety
  • Organisational culture
  • Cross-cultural psychology
  • Multilevel analysis

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