Oral health-related quality of life among an Australian sample of people who inject drugs

Arthur Truong, Peter Gregory Higgs, Shelley Cogger, Lisa Jamieson, Lucinda Burns, Paul Mark Dietze

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17 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives People who inject drugs (PWID) have poor oral health. However, their oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is unknown. Our study was designed to measure the OHRQoL of PWID. Methods The Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) was administered to 794 PWID recruited in Australian capital cities as part of the 2013 Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS). Three OHIP-14 summary indicators were examined: Prevalence (proportion reporting =1 item at least fairly often ), severity (mean total OHIP-14 score), and extent (number of impacts reported at least fairly often ). Associations between prevalence and extent and variables drawn from the health, drug use, and social domains were investigated. Results All OHIP-14 summary indicators among IDRS participants were significantly higher than in the general Australian population. In multivariate analysis, the prevalence indicator was significantly and positively associated with female gender [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 1.75, 95 CI 1.27-2.38], those born in Australia (AOR = 2, 95 CI 1.25-3.23), not completing Year 10 compared with those who had completed Year 12 or a higher qualification (AOR = 1.59, 95 CI 1.03-2.44), and methadone treatment (AOR = 1.61, 95 CI 1.14-2.29). The extent indicator was significantly and positively associated with female gender [adjusted incidence rate ratio (AIRR) = 1.56, 95 CI 1.19-2.08], unemployment (AIRR = 1.59, 95 CI 1.01-2.44), and having an injecting career of 10-20 years (AIRR = 1.76, 95 CI 1.03-3.01). Conclusions PWID have poorer OHRQoL than the Australian general population. Poor OHRQoL was particularly common in female PWID and those with longer injecting careers. Interventions to improve the oral health of PWID may improve their OHRQoL
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)218 - 224
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Public Health Dentistry
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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