Optofluidics incorporating actively controlled micro- and nano-particles

Aminuddin Kayani, Khashayar Khoshmanesh, Stephanie Alison Ward, Arnan Mitchell, Kourosh Kalantar-Zadeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)


The advent of optofluidic systems incorporating suspended particles has resulted in the emergence of novel applications. Such systems operate based on the fact that suspended particles can be manipulated using well-appointed active forces, and their motions, locations and local concentrations can be controlled. These forces can be exerted on both individual and clusters of particles. Having the capability to manipulate suspended particles gives users the ability for tuning the physical and, to some extent, the chemical properties of the suspension media, which addresses the needs of various advanced optofluidic systems. Additionally, the incorporation of particles results in the realization of novel optofluidic solutions used for creating optical components and sensing platforms. In this review, we present different types of active forces that are used for particle manipulations and the resulting optofluidic systems incorporating them. These systems include optical components, optofluidic detection and analysis platforms, plasmonics and Raman systems, thermal and energy related systems, and platforms specifically incorporating biological particles. We conclude the review with a discussion of future perspectives, which are expected to further advance this rapidly growing field
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1 - 33
Number of pages33
Issue number3 (art. no. 031501)
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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