Optimized MIMO-SAR Technique for Fast EM-Imaging of Chipless RFID System

Mohammad Zomorrodi, Nemai Chandra Karmakar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Spatial diversity cross-polar approach to fast electromagnetic imaging of millimeter-wave chipless radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags is proposed. Slow imaging in the synthetic aperture radar (SAR) technique due to the moving reader antenna is replaced by a stationary multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) array antenna. The proposed MIMO technique requires a large number of antenna elements, which impedes practical implementation of the reader. An optimized MIMO system through a genetic algorithm halves the number of antenna elements and successfully replaces the conventional SAR. The optimized antenna system combines with the original spatial diversity approach to provide a low-cost solution for chipless RFID tagging with enhanced content capacity. The system successfully decodes a 60-GHz 17-b chipless tag in an area that is one fifth of a credit card. The tag can be printed with a low-resolution printer and read on metal and liquid containers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7731182
Pages (from-to)661-669
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017


  • Millimeter-wave technology
  • multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar
  • radar imaging
  • radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags
  • synthetic aperture radar (SAR)

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