Optimization of osmotic shock process variables for enhancement of the release of periplasmic interferon-α2b from Escherichia coli using response surface method

Ramakrishnan Nagasundara Ramanan, Joo Shun Tan, Mohd Shamzi Mohamed, Tau Chuan Ling, Beng Ti Tey, Arbakariya B. Ariff

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30 Citations (Scopus)


The osmotic shock process for the release of periplasmic recombinant human interferon-α2b from Escherichia coli was optimized using response surface method (RSM). The process parameters such as pH, buffer concentration and sucrose concentration in hypertonic solution, cell concentration to hypertonic solution, contact time of cells with hypertonic solution, temperature of hypertonic solution, cell concentration to hypotonic solution, contact time of cells with hypotonic solution and temperature of hypotonic solution were initially screened using Plackett Burman design. Further optimization was carried out using central composite design (one of the design in RSM) for sucrose concentration in hypertonic solution as well as cell concentration to hypertonic and hypotonic solutions. The optimal cell concentration was 0.05 g/mL in hypertonic solution and 0.2 g/mL in hypotonic solution. The use of hypertonic solution containing 18% sucrose with a combination of 100 mM Tris and 2.5 mM EDTA buffer (pH 8.0 and 25 °C) and cold water (4 °C) as a hypotonic solution gave the optimum release of interferon-α2b. Increased product concentration in the final solution resulted from the optimized process would reduce the downstream steps during purification. The concept of reuse of hypertonic solution was also demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-202
Number of pages7
JournalProcess Biochemistry
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Escherichia coli
  • Interferon-α2b
  • Osmotic shock
  • Periplasm
  • Process optimization
  • Response surface methodology

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