Optimal process integration architectures in off-site construction: Theorizing the use of multi-skilled resources

Mehrdad Arashpour, Ron Wakefield, Babak Abbasi, Mohammadreza Arashpour, Reza Hosseini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


The architecture, engineering and construction industry has long dealt with problems such as schedule and budget overruns, quality and safety issues, and low productivity. Off-site construction, which is a hybrid of manufacturing and construction, has significant potential to address industry’s endemic problems. However, off-site construction has been criticized for replicating the traditional subcontracting approach and therefore fragmented practice in the construction industry. The current research focuses on process integration and cross-training of multi-skilled resources as a solution to the aforementioned problem. To identify optimal process integration architectures for off-site construction, production data of three off-site manufacturers were analyzed by using a hybrid of fuzzy theory and the technique for order of preference by similarity to ideal solution. Findings reveal that process integration architectures transferring excess capacity from under-utilized to over-utilized resources in direct or indirect pathways are preferable in terms of satisfying decision criteria such as time and cost of cross-training, skill transferability, compliance with network logic, and safety considerations. The study contributes to the off-site construction literature by providing insight into dynamics of using multi-skilled resources. It also contributes to practice by developing a customizable and user-friendly framework for off-site production managers in order to identify the optimal process integration architecture in their own production scenarios.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-59
Number of pages14
JournalArchitectural Engineering and Design Management
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

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