Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics

Agustin Eduardo Schiffrin, Tim Paasch-Colberg, Nicholas Karpowicz, Vadym M Apalkov, Daniel Gerster, Sascha Muhlbrandt, Michael Korbman, Joachim Reichert, Martin Schultze, Simon Holzner, Johannes V Barth, Reinhard Kienberger, Ralph Ernstorfer, Vladislav S Yakovlev, Mark Ilich Stockman, Ferenc Krausz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The time it takes to switch on and off electric current determines the rate at which signals can be processed and sampled in modern information technology 1-4. Field-effect transistors 1-3,5,6 are able to control currents at frequencies of the order of or higher than 100 gigahertz, but electric interconnects may hamper progress towards reaching the terahertz (1012 hertz) range. All-optical injection of currents through interfering photoexcitation pathways 7-10 or photoconductive switching of terahertz transients 11-16 has made it possible to control electric current on a subpicosecond timescale in semiconductors. Insulators have been deemed unsuitable for both methods, because of the need for either ultraviolet light or strong fields, which induce slow damage or ultrafast breakdown 17-20, respectively. Here we report the feasibility of electric signal manipulation in a dielectric. A few-cycle optical waveform reversibly increases-free from breakdown-the a.c. conductivity of amorphous silicon dioxide (fused silica) by more than 18 orders of magnitude within 1 femtosecond, allowing electric currents to be driven, directed and switched by the instantaneous light field. Our work opens the way to extending electronic signal processing and high-speed metrology into the petahertz (1015 hertz) domain
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70 - 74
Number of pages5
JournalNature
Volume493
Issue number7430
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Schiffrin, A. E., Paasch-Colberg, T., Karpowicz, N., Apalkov, V. M., Gerster, D., Muhlbrandt, S., ... Krausz, F. (2013). Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics. Nature, 493(7430), 70 - 74. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11567
Schiffrin, Agustin Eduardo ; Paasch-Colberg, Tim ; Karpowicz, Nicholas ; Apalkov, Vadym M ; Gerster, Daniel ; Muhlbrandt, Sascha ; Korbman, Michael ; Reichert, Joachim ; Schultze, Martin ; Holzner, Simon ; Barth, Johannes V ; Kienberger, Reinhard ; Ernstorfer, Ralph ; Yakovlev, Vladislav S ; Stockman, Mark Ilich ; Krausz, Ferenc. / Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics. In: Nature. 2013 ; Vol. 493, No. 7430. pp. 70 - 74.
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abstract = "The time it takes to switch on and off electric current determines the rate at which signals can be processed and sampled in modern information technology 1-4. Field-effect transistors 1-3,5,6 are able to control currents at frequencies of the order of or higher than 100 gigahertz, but electric interconnects may hamper progress towards reaching the terahertz (1012 hertz) range. All-optical injection of currents through interfering photoexcitation pathways 7-10 or photoconductive switching of terahertz transients 11-16 has made it possible to control electric current on a subpicosecond timescale in semiconductors. Insulators have been deemed unsuitable for both methods, because of the need for either ultraviolet light or strong fields, which induce slow damage or ultrafast breakdown 17-20, respectively. Here we report the feasibility of electric signal manipulation in a dielectric. A few-cycle optical waveform reversibly increases-free from breakdown-the a.c. conductivity of amorphous silicon dioxide (fused silica) by more than 18 orders of magnitude within 1 femtosecond, allowing electric currents to be driven, directed and switched by the instantaneous light field. Our work opens the way to extending electronic signal processing and high-speed metrology into the petahertz (1015 hertz) domain",
author = "Schiffrin, {Agustin Eduardo} and Tim Paasch-Colberg and Nicholas Karpowicz and Apalkov, {Vadym M} and Daniel Gerster and Sascha Muhlbrandt and Michael Korbman and Joachim Reichert and Martin Schultze and Simon Holzner and Barth, {Johannes V} and Reinhard Kienberger and Ralph Ernstorfer and Yakovlev, {Vladislav S} and Stockman, {Mark Ilich} and Ferenc Krausz",
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Schiffrin, AE, Paasch-Colberg, T, Karpowicz, N, Apalkov, VM, Gerster, D, Muhlbrandt, S, Korbman, M, Reichert, J, Schultze, M, Holzner, S, Barth, JV, Kienberger, R, Ernstorfer, R, Yakovlev, VS, Stockman, MI & Krausz, F 2013, 'Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics' Nature, vol. 493, no. 7430, pp. 70 - 74. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11567

Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics. / Schiffrin, Agustin Eduardo; Paasch-Colberg, Tim; Karpowicz, Nicholas; Apalkov, Vadym M; Gerster, Daniel; Muhlbrandt, Sascha; Korbman, Michael; Reichert, Joachim; Schultze, Martin; Holzner, Simon; Barth, Johannes V; Kienberger, Reinhard; Ernstorfer, Ralph; Yakovlev, Vladislav S; Stockman, Mark Ilich; Krausz, Ferenc.

In: Nature, Vol. 493, No. 7430, 2013, p. 70 - 74.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics

AU - Schiffrin, Agustin Eduardo

AU - Paasch-Colberg, Tim

AU - Karpowicz, Nicholas

AU - Apalkov, Vadym M

AU - Gerster, Daniel

AU - Muhlbrandt, Sascha

AU - Korbman, Michael

AU - Reichert, Joachim

AU - Schultze, Martin

AU - Holzner, Simon

AU - Barth, Johannes V

AU - Kienberger, Reinhard

AU - Ernstorfer, Ralph

AU - Yakovlev, Vladislav S

AU - Stockman, Mark Ilich

AU - Krausz, Ferenc

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The time it takes to switch on and off electric current determines the rate at which signals can be processed and sampled in modern information technology 1-4. Field-effect transistors 1-3,5,6 are able to control currents at frequencies of the order of or higher than 100 gigahertz, but electric interconnects may hamper progress towards reaching the terahertz (1012 hertz) range. All-optical injection of currents through interfering photoexcitation pathways 7-10 or photoconductive switching of terahertz transients 11-16 has made it possible to control electric current on a subpicosecond timescale in semiconductors. Insulators have been deemed unsuitable for both methods, because of the need for either ultraviolet light or strong fields, which induce slow damage or ultrafast breakdown 17-20, respectively. Here we report the feasibility of electric signal manipulation in a dielectric. A few-cycle optical waveform reversibly increases-free from breakdown-the a.c. conductivity of amorphous silicon dioxide (fused silica) by more than 18 orders of magnitude within 1 femtosecond, allowing electric currents to be driven, directed and switched by the instantaneous light field. Our work opens the way to extending electronic signal processing and high-speed metrology into the petahertz (1015 hertz) domain

AB - The time it takes to switch on and off electric current determines the rate at which signals can be processed and sampled in modern information technology 1-4. Field-effect transistors 1-3,5,6 are able to control currents at frequencies of the order of or higher than 100 gigahertz, but electric interconnects may hamper progress towards reaching the terahertz (1012 hertz) range. All-optical injection of currents through interfering photoexcitation pathways 7-10 or photoconductive switching of terahertz transients 11-16 has made it possible to control electric current on a subpicosecond timescale in semiconductors. Insulators have been deemed unsuitable for both methods, because of the need for either ultraviolet light or strong fields, which induce slow damage or ultrafast breakdown 17-20, respectively. Here we report the feasibility of electric signal manipulation in a dielectric. A few-cycle optical waveform reversibly increases-free from breakdown-the a.c. conductivity of amorphous silicon dioxide (fused silica) by more than 18 orders of magnitude within 1 femtosecond, allowing electric currents to be driven, directed and switched by the instantaneous light field. Our work opens the way to extending electronic signal processing and high-speed metrology into the petahertz (1015 hertz) domain

UR - http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v493/n7430/pdf/nature11567.pdf

U2 - 10.1038/nature11567

DO - 10.1038/nature11567

M3 - Article

VL - 493

SP - 70

EP - 74

JO - Nature

JF - Nature

SN - 0028-0836

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Schiffrin AE, Paasch-Colberg T, Karpowicz N, Apalkov VM, Gerster D, Muhlbrandt S et al. Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics. Nature. 2013;493(7430):70 - 74. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11567