Optical design of nanowire absorbers for wavelength selective photodetectors

S. Mokkapati, D. Saxena, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish

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We propose the optical design for the absorptive element of photodetectors to achieve wavelength selective photo response based on resonant guided modes supported in semiconductor nanowires. We show that the waveguiding properties of nanowires result in very high absorption efficiency that can be exploited to reduce the volume of active semiconductor compared to planar photodetectors, without compromising the photocurrent. We present a design based on a group of nanowires with varying diameter for multi-color photodetectors with small footprint. We discuss the effect of a dielectric shell around the nanowires on the absorption efficiency and present a simple approach to optimize the nanowire diameter-dielectric shell thickness for maximizing the absorption efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Article number15339
Number of pages7
JournalScientific Reports
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2015
Externally publishedYes

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