Online social networks and writing styles-A review of the multidisciplinary literature

Kah Yee Tai, Jasbir Dhaliwal, Shafiza Mohd Shariff

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


In recent years, author identification has become an active research area, where the major differences are caused by paper or online medium, mode of entry and target audience. Much research has been devoted to analyzing writing styles in handwritten, word-processed and online social networks (OSN) texts. Word processing editors that typically include spell and grammar checkers may influence the writing style as it allows an individual to edit a piece of text to perfection. Thus, similarities may exist between OSN and word-processed texts. Moreover, none of the studies to date have made a detailed comparison of the writing styles across multidisciplinary factors. This paper attempts to close the gap between the writing styles in pre- and post-Internet periods as well as provide an in-depth comparison of the writing styles in OSN texts across three major factors: demographics, personality behavior, and cybersecurity. The aim is to learn from past literature as we advance these techniques to OSN texts. Thus, in this paper, we also propose a novel machine learning prediction model based on tense morphology, to classify age and gender from English blogs, and the PAN 2013 dataset. This model achieves an accuracy of 94%-98% and 95%-97% for age and gender, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67024-67046
Number of pages23
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Online social networks
  • survey
  • writing styles

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