Monodispersed and highly stable gold nanoparticles with a diameter between 8 and 9nm were synthesized in a weakly alkaline medium by chemical reduction of AuCl4 - using 5-hydroxyl-1,4-naphthoquinone, and stabilized by the simultaneously formed poly(hydroxyl-1,4-naphthoquinone). The electrochemical properties of the resultant poly(hydroxyl-1,4-naphthoquinone) stabilized gold nanoparticles (AuNQ NPs) and its electrocatalytic activity for glucose oxidation in alkaline media were then investigated using a range of techniques, including dc cyclic, rotating disk electrode and Fourier transformed large amplitude ac voltammetry. The results demonstrate that these AuNQ NP modified electrodes exhibit excellent catalytic activity toward glucose oxidation in the potential region where the premonolayer oxidation process occurs. The overall catalytic glucose oxidation process was found to be mass transport controlled under the experimental conditions employed, allowing measurements to be conducted with a high reproducibility. The AuNQ NP modified electrodes showed a high sensitivity of 183?AmM-1cm-2 with a wide linear dynamic range of 0.5-50mM and a detection limit of 61?M. However, despite its excellent tolerance toward ascorbic acid, significant interference from uric acid was found with this AuNQ NP modified electrode.