One-pot conversion of RAFT-generated multifunctional block copolymers of HPMA to doxorubicin conjugated acid- and reductant-sensitive crosslinked micelles

Zhongfan Jia, Ling Jiun Wong, Thomas Paul Davis, Volga Bulmus

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152 Citations (Scopus)


N-(2-Hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA) containing polymers that are widely used as anticancer drug carriers. We have synthesized new amphiphilic block copolymers of HPMA with a functional monomer 2-(2-pyridyldisulfide) ethylmethacrylate (PDSM) via reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization. In a one-pot reaction, the versatility of PDS groups on poly(PDSM)-b-poly(HPMA) was used to conjugate an anticancer drug, doxorubicin (DOX), and also simultaneously crosslink the micellar assemblies via acid-cleavable hydrazone bonds and reducible disulfide bonds. DOX-conjugated crosslinked micelles with an average diameter of approximately 60 nm were observed to be formed in aqueous medium. Disintegration of the micelles into unimers in the presence of a disulfide reducing agent confirmed the crosslinking via disulfide bonds. While the release of DOX from the crosslinked micelles at pH 5.0 was faster compared to the release at pH 7.4, a high proportion of released DOX was found to retain the original active structure. Overall results demonstrate the simplicity and the versatility of the poly(PDSM)-b-poly(HPMA) system, which are potentially important in the design of new generation of polymer therapeutics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3106 - 3113
Number of pages8
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

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