On the effect of build orientation and residual stress on the corrosion of 316L stainless steel prepared by selective laser melting

G. Sander, A. P. Babu, X. Gao, D. Jiang, N. Birbilis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


During additive manufacturing of AISI 316 L stainless steel, heating and cooling cycles from selective laser melting (SLM) are responsible for grain anisotropy in the ‘as-built’ condition. Columnar grains form on the plane parallel to the build orientation, whilst equiaxed grains are observed on planes perpendicular to the build orientation. Anisotropy may affect corrosion and pitting of this alloy. In addition, residual stresses originating from the rapid heating and cooling inherent to SLM, may also influence corrosion and pitting of 316 L stainless steel. Electrochemical and immersion testing was carried out for 316 L as a function of build orientation and residual stresses.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109149
Number of pages9
JournalCorrosion Science
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021


  • 316L
  • Build orientation
  • Corrosion
  • Residual stress
  • Selective laser melting

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