On the Da Vinci size effect in tensile strengths of nanowires: a molecular dynamics study

Ziyu Zhao, Jinxing Liu, Ai Kah Soh

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8 Citations (Scopus)


In recent decades, size effects caused by grain size, strain gradient, typical defects etc., have been widely investigated. Nevertheless, the dependence of tensile strength on the specimen length, addressed by Da Vinci around 500 hundred years ago, has received rather limited attention, even though it is one unavoidable question to answer if people attempt to bring materials' amazing nano-scale strengths up to macro-level. Therefore, we make efforts to study tensile behaviors of copper nanowires with a common cross-section and various lengths by employing the molecular dynamics simulations. Surprisingly, a strong size effect of Da Vinci type indeed arises. We have shown the influences of lattice orientation, temperature and prescribed notch on such a Da Vinci size effect. Two different theoretical explanations are briefly proposed for a qualitative understanding. Finally, a simple scaling rule is summarized to cover the tendencies observed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number015315
Number of pages7
JournalAIP Advances
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018

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