We consider the problem of finding a balanced ordering of the vertices of a graph. More precisely, we want to minimise the sum, taken over all vertices v, of the difference between the number of neighbours to the left and right of v. This problem, which has applications in graph drawing, was recently introduced by Biedl et al. . They proved that the problem is solvable in polynomial time for graphs with maximum degree three, but NΡ-hard for graphs with maximum degree six. One of our main results is closing the gap in these results, by proving NΡ-hardness for graphs with maximum degree four. Furthermore, we prove that the problem remains NΡ-hard for planar graphs with maximum degree six and for 5-regular graphs. On the other hand we present a polynomial time algorithm that determines whether there is a vertex ordering with total imbalance smaller than a fixed constant, and a polynomial time algorithm that determines whether a given multigraph with even degrees has an 'almost balanced' ordering.
|Title of host publication||Computing and combinatorics|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2005|
|Name||Lecture Notes in Comput. Sci.|