On Solar Recurrent Coronal Jets: Coronal Geysers as Sources of Electron Beams and Interplanetary Type-III Radio Bursts

Alin Razvan Paraschiv, Alina Donea

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Coronal jets are transitory small-scale eruptions that are omnipresent in solar observations. Active regions jets produce significant perturbations on the ambient solar atmosphere and are believed to be generated by microflare reconnection. Multiple sets of recurrent jets are identified in extreme-ultraviolet filter imaging. In this work we analyze the long timescale recurrence of coronal jets originating from a unique footpoint structure observed in the lower corona. We report the detection of penumbral magnetic structures in the lower corona. These structures, which we call "coronal geysers," persist through multiple reconnection events that trigger recurrent jets in a quasi-periodical trend. Recurrent jet eruptions have been associated with Type-III radio bursts that are manifestations of traveling non-thermal electron beams. We examine the assumed link, as the coronal sources of interplanetary Type-III bursts are still open for debate. We scrutinized the hypothesized association by temporally correlating a statistically significant sample of six Geyser structures that released at least 50 recurrent jets, with correspondent Type-III radio bursts detected in the interplanetary medium. Data analysis of these phenomena provides new information on small-scale reconnection, non-thermal electron beam acceleration, and energy release. We find that the penumbral Geyser-like flaring structures produce recurring jets. They can be long-lived, quasi-stable, and act as coronal sources for Type-III bursts, and, implicitly, upward accelerated electron beams.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Volume873
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Mar 2019

Keywords

  • interplanetary medium
  • Sun: activity
  • Sun: corona
  • Sun: flares
  • Sun: heliosphere
  • Sun: radio radiation

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