Oliguria as predictive biomarker of acute kidney injury in critically ill patients

John Prowle, Yan-Lun Liu, Elisa Licari, Sean Bagshaw, Moritoki Egi, Michael Haase, Anja Haase-Fielitz, John Kellum, Dinna Cruz, Claudio Ronco, Kenji Tsutsui, Shigehiko Uchino, Rinaldo Bellomo

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During critical illness, oliguria is often used as a biomarker of acute kidney injury (AKI). However, its relationship with the subsequent development of AKI has not been prospectively evaluated.Methods: We documented urine output and daily serum creatinine concentration in patients admitted for more than 24 hours in seven intensive care units (ICUs) from six countries over a period of two to four weeks. Oliguria was defined by a urine output <0.5 ml/kg/hr. Data were collected until the occurrence of creatinine-defined AKI (AKI-Cr), designated by RIFLE-Injury class or greater using creatinine criteria (RIFLE-I[Cr]), or until ICU discharge. Episodes of oliguria were classified by longest duration of consecutive oliguria during each day were correlated with new AKI-Cr the next day, examining cut-offs for oliguria of greater than 1,2,3,4,5,6, or 12 hr duration,. Results: We studied 239 patients during 723 days.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalCritical Care
Issue number4 (Art. No: R172)
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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