Classical pharmacological studies have shown that oestrogen dominance in humans and other animals can increase the responsiveness of the uterus to many locally acting peptides. Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) has been shown to be expressed in the pregnant and non-pregnant rat uterus and exogenous PTHrP is known to relax uterine contraction in vitro. We investigated whether oestrogen dominance can influence the responsiveness of the uterine horn to PTHrP, and further studied the localization of PTHrP mRNA and protein in the rat uterine horn using in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. Exogenous PTHrP(1-34) inhibited spontaneous and electrically induced contractions in uteri isolated from non-cycling rats. Pretreatment of non-cycling rats with oestradiol-17β increased uterine sensitivity to PTHrP: EC50 values for inhibition of spontaneous contractions by PTHrP were 0.33 nmol/l, 1.1 nmol/l, 2.6 nmol/l and 7800 nmol/l in uteri from animals treated for 2 days with oestradiol-17β alone, 2 days with oestradiol-17β + 1 day progesterone, 1 day with oestradiol-17β alone and in untreated rats respectively. Similar EC50 values were obtained for electrically stimulated uteri. In agreement with these findings, uterine horns from cycling rats in pro-oestrous and oestrous phases of the cycle showed a higher responsiveness to PTHrP(1-34) when compared with uterine horns taken from rats in metoestrus and dioestrus. PTHrP mRNA and protein were detected in the endometrial epithelium lining of the lumen and the endometrial glands, as well as in the myometrium of rats which were either pretreated for 2 days with oestradiol-17β or untreated. This study suggests that PTHrP may act in an autocrine and/or paracrine manner to modulate uterine motility and function.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Endocrinology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1992|