Occurrence and antibiotic resistance of salmonella spp. In raw beef from wet market and hypermarket in Malaysia

C. W. Tan, M. Z. Noor Hazirah, I. Shu’aibu, C. Y. New, T. T.H. Malcolm, T. Y. Thung, E. Lee, R. D. Wendy, N. J. Nuzul, A. M. Noor Azira, U. Z.A. Ungku Fatimah, Y. Rukayadi, R. Rinai, R. Son

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Salmonellae are highly pathogenic foodborne bacteria able to cause infection even at low doses. Infection by Salmonella from contaminated foods leads to gastrointestinal disease known as salmonellosis. Raw beef can be a source of human infection if the meat products are not properly handled, stored or cooked. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and concentration of Salmonella in the raw beef sold at wet markets and hypermarkets in Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia, using MPN-PCR and MPN-plating on Xylose Lysine Deoxycholate (XLD) medium. In addition, Salmonella isolates recovered from the samples were tested for antibiotics susceptibility using Kirby-Bauer antibiotic susceptibility testing. The incidence of Salmonella in the raw beef samples using plating and PCR methods were 64.63% (53/82) and 17.07% (14/82) respectively. The microbial concentration of Salmonella in raw beef samples ranged between 3-4600 MPN/g by MPN-plating and 3-30 MPN/g by MPN-PCR approach. All isolates were found to be susceptible to imipenem, gentamicin, kanamycin, and chloramphenicol but resistant to cephalothin. It can be deduced from the results that raw beef can be a reservoir for Salmonella infection and the use of cephalothin (30 μg) in the treatment of infection due to these strains could be ineffective. Preventive measures such as proper temperature control as well as proper handling of raw beef in the market place are crucial to the minimization of any potential health hazard posed by this foodborne pathogen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-27
Number of pages7
JournalFood Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Antibiotic susceptibility test
  • MPN
  • PCR
  • Prevalence
  • Raw meat
  • Salmonella

Cite this