Nutritional management of gastrointestinal surgical patients in Victoria's public hospitals

Lisa A. Barker, Timothy C. Crowe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: Poor nutritional status has negative effects on post-operative outcomes, further compounded by surgical stress and fasting, places gastrointestinal surgery patients at high risk of malnutrition. Recent published research has challenged historic surgical nutrition practices; however, changes to practice in Australia have been slow. The aim of this study was to investigate current nutritional management of gastrointestinal surgery patients and compare this with the best practice guidelines, while exploring enablers to implementation of best practice. Methods: A 30-question telephone survey was developed to explore demographics and nutritional management of gastrointestinal surgical patients during pre-admission, inpatient stay and post-operative care. Forty-one gastrointestinal surgery dietitians were identified and contacted from 31 public hospitals in Victoria, Australia, and invited to participate. Results: Twenty-five dietitians participated in the survey (response rate 61%). Very few dietitians (12%) were funded for pre-admission clinics or outpatient clinics, and, overwhelmingly, dietitians reported not being involved in nutritional decision-making, and reported feeling unsatisfied with current nutritional management of patients. Despite half the hospitals reporting following best practice guidelines, only 22% implemented guidelines completely. There was no correlation observed between dietitian experience, department size or full-time equivalents allocated to surgery and nutritional intervention; however, the presence of a care pathway made a significant difference to the dietitian's overall satisfaction with dietetic care (P = 0.002). Conclusions: Current nutritional management of gastrointestinal surgery patients in Victorian hospitals is far from best practice. The implementation of a care pathway is the most effective way of ensuring best practice nutritional management of gastrointestinal surgical patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-246
Number of pages7
JournalNutrition and Dietetics
Volume72
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Clinical nutrition and dietetics
  • Evidence-based practice
  • Malnutrition

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