Nursing Implications of Recent Changes in Management Practices for Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Caitlin Bennett, Ian D. Davis, Anis A. Hamid

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review


Objective: Prostate cancer is one of the most common male cancers in the world and accounts for substantial morbidity, mortality, loss of disability-adjusted life-years, and financial burden to patients and to the community. Metastatic prostate cancer has been managed for over 70 years with androgen deprivation therapy, but further life-prolonging therapies were not available until 2004. Since then, drugs such as docetaxel, abiraterone, enzalutamide, cabazitaxel, radium-223 dichloride, and (not available in Australia) sipuleucel-T have all demonstrated efficacy in prolongation of survival in castrate-resistant prostate cancer, and improvement in cancer-related morbidity. Data sources: Peer-reviewed scientific publications, Australian Government agency reports, and expert opinion. Conclusion: More recently, several of these agents have been given earlier in the treatment course to the hormone-sensitive metastatic setting, with even greater benefits in survival. These treatments have come at a cost: a literal financial cost to the community, and often to the patients and their families; and financial costs to the community to supply the drugs to those who need them. They also carry non-financial costs, including side effects of treatment, exacerbation of other co-morbidities, metabolic and bone health challenges, and psychological and social stresses, including those associated with longer survival with metastatic cancer. Implications for Nursing Practice: The role of the nurse in management of these issues has never been more important. Nurses are often uniquely placed to educate men with prostate cancer and their families, screen for and identify adverse effects of treatment, and provide education and support not otherwise available. Nurses are central to the streamline of care coordination within the multidisciplinary team and the holistic care journey for men and their partners through the health care system. This review discusses several of these aspects to inform practice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number151047
Number of pages5
JournalSeminars in Oncology Nursing
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2020


  • androgen deprivation therapy
  • care coordination
  • metastatic
  • multidisciplinary
  • Prostate cancer
  • specialist nursing

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