Numerical simulation of geosynthetic clay liner desiccation under high thermal gradients and low overburden stress

Ali Ghavam-Nasiri, Abbas El-Zein, David Airey, R. Kerry Rowe, Abdelmalek Bouazza

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A multiphase, thermohydro-mechanical model of unsaturated soils is presented to assess the risk of desiccation of a geosynthetic clay liner (GCL) in a composite lining system (i.e., a high-density polyethylene geomembrane over a geosynthetic clay liner) under conditions encountered in brine or solar ponds, where temperatures can reach up to 95°C and the geosynthetic clay liner is subject to low effective stress. The model considers void ratio and temperature-dependent soil-water characteristic curves (SWCCs) for needle-punched GCLs. The model was validated against results from experimental column studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number04019069
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Geomechanics
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019

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