Nucleotide triphosphate promiscuity in mycobacterium tuberculosis dethiobiotin synthetase

Wanisa Salaemae, Min Yin Yap, Kate L Wegener, Grant W Booker, Matthew Charles James Wilce, Steven W Polyak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dethiobiotin synthetase (DTBS) plays a crucial role in biotin biosynthesis in microorganisms, fungi, and plants. Due to its importance in bacterial pathogenesis, and the absence of a human homologue, DTBS is a promising target for the development of new antibacterials desperately needed to combat antibiotic resistance. Here we report the first X-ray structure of DTBS from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MtDTBS) bound to a nucleotide triphosphate (CTP). The nucleoside base is stabilized in its pocket through hydrogen-bonding interactions with the protein backbone, rather than amino acid side chains. This resulted in the unexpected finding that MtDTBS could utilise ATP, CTP, GTP, ITP, TTP, or UTP with similar Km and kcat values, although the enzyme had the highest affinity for CTP in competitive binding and surface plasmon resonance assays. This is in contrast to other DTBS homologues that preferentially bind ATP primarily through hydrogen-bonds between the purine base and the carboxamide side chain of a key asparagine. Mutational analysis performed alongside in silico experiments revealed a gate-keeper role for Asn175 in Escherichia coli DTBS that excludes binding of other nucleotide triphosphates. Here we provide evidence to show that MtDTBS has a broad nucleotide specificity due to the absence of the gate-keeper residue.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259 - 266
Number of pages8
JournalTuberculosis
Volume95
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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