Nucleosynthesis in primordial hypernovae

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We investigate the relationship between explosion energy and nucleosynthesis in Population III supernovae and provide nucleosynthetic results for the explosions of stars with progenitor masses of 15 M, 20 M, 30 M, 40 M, 60 M, and 80M, and explosion energies between approximately 1050 erg and 1053 erg. We find that the typical abundance pattern observed in metal-poor stars is best matched by supernovae with progenitor mass in the range 15M - 30M and explosion energy of~(5-10)×1051 erg. In thesemodels, a reverse shock caused by jumps in density between shells of different composition serves to decrease synthesis of chromium and manganese, which is favourable to matching the observed abundances in metal-poor stars. Spherically symmetric explosions of our models with progenitor mass ≤ 40 M do not provide yields that are compatible with the iron-peak abundances that are typically observed in metal-poor stars; however, by approximating the yields that we might expect from these models in highly aspherical explosions, we find indications that explosions of stars 40 M - 80 M with bipolar jets may be good candidates for the enrichment sources of metal-poor stars with enhanced carbon abundances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)495-516
Number of pages22
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018


  • Abundances
  • Early universe
  • Nucleosynthesis
  • Supernovae: general

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