Nozzleless spray cooling using surface acoustic waves

Kar Man Ang, Leslie Yu-Ming Yeo, James Robert Friend, Yew Mun Hung, Ming Kwang Tan

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    Abstract

    Surface acoustic wave (SAW) atomization is an attractive approach for generating monodispersed microdroplets for a diversity of applications, from drug delivery to mass spectrometry, due to its reliability, miniaturizability, and portability. Here, we demonstrate a nozzleless spray cooling technique based on SAW atomization, with the key advantage of downward scalability: increasing the operating frequency facilitates the fabrication of a chip-sized atomizer to use in compact cooling of electronic devices. Using deionised water, cooling is improved by 15 when the atomization rate is increased by 40 ; when the gap separating the SAW device and heat source is halved, the cooling is improved by 20 . By constructing the device such that the atomized droplets are easily deposited upstream of the flow circulation, the performance is improved further. The atomization of CuO nanoparticle suspensions (at 3 ) increased the cooling performance by 30 . Merely increasing the nanoparticle mass concentration in the suspension from 1 to 3 leads to an improvement in the cooling by 10 due to the deposition and formation of nanoparticle clusters on the heated surface, thereby increasing the total surface area. Further increases in the nanoparticle concentration to 10 however results in a diminution in the cooling due to the increase in the suspension viscosity ?, that leads to a reduction in the atomization rate m ?-1/2 for a given input power. Finally, we demonstrate the concept of using tapered finger transducers to selectively enhance local cooling in a desired area by simply changing the excitation frequency, without requiring repositioning of the SAW device.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)46 - 60
    Number of pages15
    JournalJournal of Aerosol Science
    Volume79
    Issue numberJanuary 2015
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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