This study used whole-genome sequencing (WGS) and PFGE to analysis KPC-2-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae strains from clinical specimens collected in Brazilian hospitals. The study identifies the emergence of a novel small IncX3 plasmid (pKPB11), 12,757-bp in length, in a high-risk K. pneumoniae ST11/CG258 lineage, a successful clonal group in Brazil, carrying the blaKPC-2 gene on a non-Tn4401 genetic element (NTEKPC-Ic). Comparative analysis of the pKPB11 showed that this plasmid reduced its size, losing part of its conjugation apparatus. The pKPB11 was also compared to another strain sequenced in this study (KPC89) that had the hybrid IncX3-IncU plasmid (pKP89), of approximately 45 kb in length, similarly carrying the blaKPC-2 gene on NTEKPC-Ic. To the best of our knowledge, pKPB11 is the first example of small IncX3 plasmid found in a high-risk KPC-2-producing K. pneumoniae ST11/CG258.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2020|
- Klebsiella pneumoniae