Several activating mutations have recently been described in the common β subunit for the human interleukin(IL)-3, IL-5, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) receptors (hβc). Two of these, FIΔ and 1374N, result, respectively, in a 37-amino acid duplication and an isoleucine-to-asparagine substitution in the extracellular domain. A third, V449E, leads to valine-to-glutamic acid substitution in the transmembrane domain. Previous studies have shown that when expressed in murine hemopoietic cells in vitro, the extracellular mutants can confer factor independence on only the granulocyte-macrophage lineage while the transmembrane mutant can do so to all cell types of the myeloid and erythroid compartments. To further study the signaling properties of the constitutively active hβc mutants, we have used novel murine hemopoietic cell lines, which we describe in this report. These lines, FDB1 and FDB2, proliferate in murine IL-3 and undergo granulocyte-macrophage differentiation in response to murine GM-CSF. We find that while the transmembrane mutant, V449E, confers factor-independent proliferation on these cell lines, the extracellular hβc mutants promote differentiation. Hence, in addition to their ability to confer factor independence on distinct cell types, transmembrane and extracellular activated hβc mutants deliver distinct signals to the same cell type. Thus, the FDB cell lines, in combination with activated hβc mutants, constitute a powerful new system to distinguish between signals that determine hemopoietic proliferation or differentiation.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2000|