Novel imidazolinium ionic liquids and organic salts

Alison LiShan Chong, Maria Forsyth, Douglas Robert Macfarlane

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The preparation and physical properties of a novel family of ionic liquids and organic salts based on the imidazolinium cation are described, and compared with their imidazolium analogues in some cases. Ionic liquids were obtained with the triflate, formate and salicylate anions, while > 100 ?C melting points were observed with acetate and several other benzoate derivatives. The triflate salt was less ion-conductive than the corresponding imidazolium salt, but less so than expected on the basis of its viscosity, suggesting a contribution from proton conductivity. The electrochemical window of the imidazolinium was slightly extended in the reductive direction, due to the lower proton activity produced by the cation in this case. Imidazolinium salts are also known to exhibit anti-corrosion properties and hence a preliminary study of this property is also reported; 2-methylimidazolinium 4-hydroxycinnamate was found to show strong anodic corrosion inhibition on mild steel.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-226
Number of pages8
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Imidazolinium Ionic Liquids
  • Physical Properties
  • Conductivity
  • Electrochemical Stability
  • Corrosion Inhibition

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