In this paper, a novel amperometric xanthine (X) biosensor is constructed by xanthine oxidase (XOx) immobilization on the pencil graphite electrode (PGE). Xanthine oxidase is immobilized using glutaraldehyde (GA) on the electrochemically polymerized conducting polymer film. The detection of xanthine is based on its consumed amount due to the enzymatic reaction of xanthine oxidase. The effects of polymer thickness, applied potential, pH, and temperature were investigated and optimum parameters were found to be five cycles, +5 V, +0.5 V and 30 °C, respectively. Storage stability, operation stability of the enzyme electrode, and effect of interferant substances on the amperometric response were also studied. In order to verify the applicability of proposed biosensor, fabricated electrode was used to measure the xanthine concentration in chicken meat samples. The present xanthine biosensor with high selectivity, sensitivity, and stability is promising for practical applications.
- Conducting polymer
- Xanthine oxidase