‘Not enough time’: identifying Victorian teachers’ perceptions of the facilitators and barriers to supporting improved student behaviour

Russell A. Fox, Umesh Sharma, Erin S. Leif, Karina L. Stocker, Dennis W. Moore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Students exhibiting behaviours of concern are at increased risk of poor outcomes during their school years. The implementation of school-wide positive behavioural interventions and supports (SWPBIS) has repeatedly been shown to be an effective, evidence-based approach that supports teachers to select and adopt effective practices to meet the social and behavioural needs of all learners. Implementation of SWPBIS within Australian schools is increasing. Although there is considerable evidence supporting the effectiveness and efficacy of SWPBIS as a means to improve the behavioural outcomes of all students, these positive outcomes largely depend on the actions of teachers. To this point, very limited research has been published that explores the experiences of teachers working in Australian schools currently implementing SWPBIS. The current study asked 206 Victorian teachers working in schools implementing SWPBIS two open-ended questions about the factors that they believed were facilitators or barriers to their ability to improve the behavioural outcomes of their students. The most commonly reported facilitators were availability of time, consistency of staff implementation of behaviour support, and adequate training. The most frequently identified barriers were a lack of time and inconsistent implementation. The practical and research implications of these preliminary qualitative findings are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-220
Number of pages16
JournalAustralasian Journal of Special and Inclusive Education
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


  • positive behavioural interventions and supports
  • implementation fidelity and sustainability
  • evidence-based practices
  • behaviour support
  • classroom management

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