Norepinephrine can act via alpha(2)-adrenoceptors to reduce the hyper-excitability of spinal dorsal horn neurons following chronic nerve injury

Lu-Yang Jiang, Shu-Ren Li, Fei-Yue Zhao, David C Spanswick, Mao-Tsun Lin

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Abstract

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Rats display behavioral signs of neuropathic pain lasting for months in the chronic constriction injury (CCI) model. During intrathecal anesthesia, the administered drugs mainly diffuse directly into the superficial neurons in the spinal dorsal horn. This study aimed to investigate the effect of bath application of norepinephrine on whole cell patch clamp recordings from spinal cord slices of CCI rats with allodynia. METHODS: An assessment of paw withdrawal threshold in response to mechanical stimulation was performed on the operated side on the day before surgery and was repeated after recovery from anesthesia and on the 7(th) and 14(th) days after surgery. Spinal cord slice preparations containing dorsal horn neurons were obtained from both sham-operated rats and CCI rats (after the 14(th) postoperative day behavior test). RESULTS: Compared with normal controls, CCI rats had significantly lower levels of both hyperpolarization and spike threshold in single action potentials recorded from lamina I and II neurons of the spinal dorsal horn. In contrast, a series of action potential recordings showed that the percentage of spiking neurons of the spinal dorsal horn of CCI rats were significantly higher than those of normal controls. The CCI-induced reduction in hyperpolarization, as well as the increased numbers of spinal dorsal horn spiking neurons could be significantly reduced by norepinephrine application. The norepinephrine-induced increased hyperpolarization and input resistance could be abolished by the application of an alpha(2)-adrenoceptor antagonist (idazoxan; 200 nM). CONCLUSION: The results suggest that chronic nerve injury may induce neuropathic pain by increasing the excitability of spinal dorsal horn neurons. This excitability can be reduced by norepinephrine.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)438 - 445
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi
Volume109
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

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