Nonsurgical Medical Penile Girth Augmentation: A Retrospective Study of Psychological and Psychosexual Outcomes

Gemma Sharp, Jayson Oates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


BackgroundAlthough interest in penile augmentation procedures is increasing, there is a significant lack of research into the psychological and psychosexual outcomes of these procedures.
ObjectivesTo investigate the psychological and psychosexual outcomes of nonsurgical medical penile girth augmentation.
MethodsThis retrospective study involved a mixed method approach. Twenty-five men who had undergone a nonsurgical medical penile girth augmentation between 1 and 12 months prior (mean, 6.6 months) completed an online questionnaire containing measures of procedure motivation, procedure satisfaction, genital self-image, penile-focused body dysmorphic disorder symptoms, self-esteem and sexual relationship satisfaction. Six of these men elected to complete in-depth one-to-one semi-structured phone interviews to further explore the psychological impacts of the procedure.
ResultsIn the online questionnaire, most men were satisfied with their penile size, appearance and function after penile girth augmentation. The men also reported statistically significant improvements in their genital self-image (P < 0.001) and self-esteem (P = 0.008), and a reduction in penile-focused body dysmorphic disorder symptoms (P = 0.002) at the time of completing the questionnaire compared to recalled pre-procedural levels. The in-depth interviews yielded three themes surrounding penile augmentation outcomes: (1) high satisfaction with increased penis girth; (2) increased self-confidence, particularly in situations where the penis would be seen, such as a locker room; and (3) increased sexual confidence, but some mixed impacts on sexual relationships.
ConclusionsMost men appear to be satisfied with their nonsurgical medical penile girth augmentation results and they also seem to experience improvements in their overall self-esteem.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-316
Number of pages11
JournalAesthetic Surgery Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

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