Noninvasive average flow estimation for an implantable rotary blood pump: a new algorithm incorporating the role of blood viscosity

Nicolo Malagutti, Dean M. Karantonis, Shaun L. Cloherty, Peter J. Ayre, David G. Mason, Robert F. Salamonsen, Nigel H. Lovell

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Abstract

The effect of blood hematocrit (HCT) on a noninvasive flow estimation algorithm was examined in a centrifugal implantable rotary blood pump (iRBP) used for ventricular assistance. An average flow estimator, based on three parameters, input electrical power, pump speed, and HCT, was developed. Data were collected in a mock loop under steady flow conditions for a variety of pump operating points and for various HCT levels. Analysis was performed using three-dimensional polynomial surfaces to fit the collected data for each different HCT level. The polynomial coefficients of the surfaces were then analyzed as a function of HCT. Linear correlations between estimated and measured pump flow over a flow range from 1.0 to 7.5 L/min resulted in a slope of 1.024 L/min (R2 = 0.9805). Early patient data tested against the estimator have shown promising consistency, suggesting that consideration of HCT can improve the accuracy of existing flow estimation algorithms.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-52
Number of pages8
JournalArtificial Organs
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007
Externally publishedYes

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