Non-radiative healing assessment techniques for fractured long bones and osseointegrated implant

S. Lu, B. S. Vien, M. Russ, M. Fitzgerald, W. K. Chiu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleOtherpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The paper provides an overview of the fracture healing process of long bones, a review of work that proposed appropriate physical parameters for the assessment of healing and highlights some recent work that reported on the development of non-radiative technique for healing assessment. An overview of the development and monitoring of osseointegration for trans-femoral osseointegrated implant is also presented. The state of healing of a fractured long bone and the stability of osseointegrated implants can be seen as engineering structural components where the mechanical properties are restored to facilitate their desired function. To this end, this paper describes non-radiative techniques that are useful for healing assessment and the stability assessment of osseointegrated implants. The achievement of non-radiative quantitative assessment methodologies to determine the state of healing of fractured long bones and to assess the stability of osseointegrated implant will shorten the patient’s rehabilitation time, allowing earlier mobility and return to normal activities. Recent work on the development of assessment techniques supported by the Office of Naval Research as part of the Monitoring of Osseointegrated Implant Prosthesis program is highlighted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-81
Number of pages19
JournalBiomedical Engineering Letters
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Acoustic emission
  • Fracture healing
  • Osseointegration
  • Quantitative ultrasound
  • Vibrational analysis

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